CAREER: University Determinants of Women’s Academic Career Success

Principal Investigator: 
Project Overview
Background & Purpose: 

The goal of this project is (1) to study organizational factors associated with the attraction, retention and promotion of faculty in Carnegie Research Extensive universities; (2) to develop a diverse array of data sources that inform these questions, including original surveys, content analysis, and extant data series analysis; and (3) to use various statistical methods to study career dynamics, including survival analysis and hierarchical linear models.


Carnegie (2000) Research Extensive Universities in the United States.

Research Design: 

This is a Longitudinal designed to generate descriptive and evidence. This project collects original data using survey research and the collection and coding of academic CV’s. The instruments that this project has developed are: Survey of Academic Researchers, Survey of Academic Chairs/Heads, ACCESS Coding Protocol for Academic Curricula Vitae, Body of Status of Faculty Women Reports published by Carnegie Extensive Universities, and Body of Faculty Handbooks published by Carnegie Extensive Universities. We plan to analyze extant, university-level data available from National Science Foundation, Department of Education, and the Association of University Technology Managers. The methods are:

  1. Policy documents are coded using NVIVO qualitative analysis software; coding schemes developed and tested for reliability by three coders.
  2. Survey data are analyzed using a variety of statistical software packages depending on sample weighting problems (Stata), data management and survival analysis, OLS (SAS), hierarchical linear modeling (HLM), or teaching (SPSS) purposes.
  1. Recent cohorts of women are advancing in their academic careers more rapidly than earlier cohorts, but still more slowly than their male colleagues.
  2. New organizational structures of universities, such as multidisciplinary science centers, tend to create more gender-equitable academic career workloads and outcomes than those of their exclusively department-based colleagues.
  3. The disadvantage of being foreign born in terms of academic career progression is overcome in the early career trajectory; by contrast, women’s disadvantage persists across the academic life course.
  4. Only about two-thirds of Carnegie Research Extensive universities have completed any comprehensive status of faculty women report, with the majority being produced only in the last eight years.
  5. There are major differences in the extent to which universities formalize what may be considered “family friendly” policies in their most important faculty governing document: the faculty handbook.
Publications & Presentations: 

All can be downloaded from:

Murphy, Terrence E., Monica Gaughan, Robert Hume and S. Gordon Moore. In Press. Georgia Tech’s Challenge program: increasing engineering diversity. Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis.

Gaughan, Monica and Elizabeth Corley. In Press. Industrial involvement of science and engineering faculty at U.S. research universities: The impacts of gender and university research center affiliation on industrial activities. Technovation.

Bozeman, Barry and Monica Gaughan. In Press. For love or money? Job satisfaction among university faculty. The Journal of Higher Education.

Gaughan, Monica. 2009. Using the curriculum vitae for policy research: an evaluation of National Institutes of Health center and training support on career trajectories. Research Evaluation 18(2):117-124.

Gaughan, Monica and Branco Ponomariov. 2008. Using quasi-experimental design and the curriculum vitae to evaluate impacts of earmarked center funding on faculty productivity, collaboration, and grant activity. Research Evaluation 17:103-110.

Bozeman, Barry and Monica Gaughan. 2007. Impacts of Grants and Contracts on Academic Researchers’ Interactions with Industry. Research Policy 36:694-707.

Llewellyn, Donna, Marion Usselman, Monica Gaughan, and Gordon Kingsley. 2006. Rich Networks: Evaluating University-High Schools Partnerships Using Graph Analysis. Proceedings of the 2006 American Society for Engineering Education Annual Conference and Exposition. Chicago, IL

Gaughan, Monica. Institutional Research on Women in Science. 2006. Journal of Technology Transfer 31:307-310.

Gaughan, Monica. 2005. Introduction to the Symposium: Women in Science. Journal of Technology Transfer 30:339-342.

Corley, Elizabeth and Monica Gaughan. 2005. Scientists’ Participation in University Research Centers: What are the Gender Differences? Journal of Technology Transfer 30:371-381.

Target Population: 
Research Design: 


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